York Pennsylvania History
The fact that the city of York, Pennsylvania, is named after York in England is a little-known part of history that many forget or simply do not know. The city served as the temporary capital of the Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War and is considered by many residents to be one of the most important cities in the United States of America at that time.
Historians generally consider York to be the first capital of the United States, but while the debate among scholars continues, some historians believe York was the fourth capital after Philadelphia, Baltimore and Lancaster. Although York is often considered the place where the United States began, we know York, Pennsylvania, which can also make the same claim.
York City was created in 1741 and eight years later the County of York was founded (1749), but the city itself is even older than the County of York where it was founded. York City's location in the heart of Pennsylvania's most populous county can position York as a unique getaway for history buffs. Today, York is only the eleventh largest city in Pennsylvania, with a population of 1.5 million people and an area of 2.2 million square miles. It remains one of the most popular destinations for tourists and visitors to the state capital.
America's first capital is a convenient central location to explore the history of Central Pennsylvania, located just west of Philadelphia. Discover more about York City, its history and its place in Pennsylvania history by visiting and discovering the historic sites of York, York County and the York River Valley.
York, on the edge of the Amish country, was the capital from 1776 until the Continental Congress. It was during the Congress in York that he adopted the Confederate Statutes, which were not to take effect until ratified by the various states. In fact, they were adopted only after they had been drawn up and adopted.
The Continental Congress, which met in York for nine months, was intoxicating and signed and ratified the articles of the Confederacy, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. The delegates adopted the articles of the Confederation, and France joined the Alliance and joined the war.
The ticket was a good one, but it was complex and the Continental Congress came together in York to find out. The British conquered Philadelphia in June 1776, forcing them to flee to York, while Washington suffered defeat in Pennsylvania.
After a one-day stopover in Lancaster, Congress decided to secure the far-off banks of the Susquehanna River and settled in York, Pennsylvania. Overall, this tour of York's colonial complex offers a great overview of this little-known period in Pennsylvania's history. The Continental Congress met at the colonial complex of York on June 16, 1776 for its first session since the Battle of Philadelphia.
During the Revolutionary War York was the temporary capital of the Continental Congress; during this time, however, only a few hundred members of Congress and their families remained here. During the Civil War, York became the largest Confederate-occupied city in the north for three days. Confederate troops crossed the Susquehanna River and spread from the city of York to the cities of Lancaster, Chester and York County.
The nature of this occupation gave York County and York Township a character and reputation that continues to this day. York is known as Muscletown, USA, because it was advertised in the 1960s by local promoters who were committed to mixed industry rather than heritage.
The Pfaltzgraff company was also based in York for over 100 years, establishing its first pottery in the area in 1895 and producing in York until 2005. In 1945, the York Chamber of Commerce announced that York had the second largest number of York-produced goods in America, after New York. York City is home to a wide range of shops selling everything from clothing, jewelry, furniture, home furnishings, clothing and accessories. There are no such shops in East York, but a few in West York and a small number in South York Township.
The first place for public entertainment was the first public theatre in York City, a record dating back to the 18th century. Today, CSI Services is one of the oldest boiler service companies operating out of York, Pennsylvania, and continues to grow in size and services offered. It is the largest private water system in the United States and the second largest in Pennsylvania. York County Academy, founded in 1787, bears a living legacy from its founder, the Rev. John F. Kennedy.
York County Historical Society operates a beautiful historic site and museum that commemorates the region's heritage and contribution to the nation. YCHC maintains eight historic sites that preserve and present the history of the city, county, region, and state of Pennsylvania and the United States. The York Colonial Complex keeps the rich history of York alive with a replica courthouse, historic buildings, a museum, amphitheater and public library, as well as an art museum and public art gallery. It hosts a variety of events throughout the year and a mural depicting York, Pennsylvania's richest history.